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When the organism dies, it stops exchanging carbon with the atmosphere, and the ratio of carbon-14 to carbon-12 begins to decrease with the half-life of 5,730 years.Measurement of this ratio determines the age of the specimen.For example, K-Ar dating assumes that there was no argon in the original rock.But if there was argon in the rock when it originally formed, then the age calculated will be millions of years too high. The greater the amount of daughter isotope, the greater the apparent age.have been made by studying accelerations of the Moon and reflections of radar signals from Mercury, Venus, and Mars.

In order to simplify the formula, scientists generally assume that igneous rock contains no argon when it forms, because the argon, being a noble gas, would escape from the cooling lava. Fresh volcanic rock is routinely found to have argon in it when it first cools.If, for example, dynamical and atomic time should have a relative secular acceleration, then which one (if either) could be considered uniform?By postulates, atomic time is the uniform time of electromagnetism.For example, in the The decay constant has dimensions of reciprocal seconds.In the special case in which parent and daughter atoms are present in equal quantities, the age of the specimen is the half-life of the parent isotope: The first assumption, that the amount of the daughter isotope in the original rock is known, is the weakest assumption.

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