Emotional effects of dating parents
The victim may feel their emotions are being affected by the abuser to such an extent that the victim may no longer recognize their own feelings regarding the issues the abuser is trying to control. Department of Justice defines emotionally abusive traits as including causing fear by: intimidation, threatening physical harm to self, partner, children, or partner's family or friends, destruction of pets and property, forcing isolation from family, friends, or school or work.
The result is the victim's self-concept and independence are systematically taken away. More subtle emotionally abusive behaviors include insults, putdowns, arbitrary and unpredictable behavior, and gaslighting (e.g.
Many of these disorders are not reversible but can be managed with treatment.
Often the abuser does not see fault in their actions and treatment is never sought out.
The victim's self-worth and emotional well being are altered and even diminished by the verbal abuse, resulting in an emotionally-abused victim.
"Younger age may be a reflection of lack of job experience, resulting in [an inability] to identify or prevent potentially abusive situations...
Another finding showed that lower education is a risk factor for violence." report that while men exhibit more aggression overall, sex is not a reliable predictor of interpersonal aggression, including psychological aggression.
Although psychological abuse does not always lead to physical abuse, physical abuse in domestic relationships is nearly always preceded and accompanied by psychological abuse.
A 2012 review by Capaldi et al., which evaluated risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV), noted that psychological abuse has been shown to be both associated with and common in IPV.